[ KOREAN ]
Issue 242 [11.23]
Issue 241 [07.11]
Issue 240 [06.01]
Issue 239 [03.21]
Issue 238 [01.26]
Tae Guk Gi and Stars & Stripes
Six Pary Talks
Asian Peace Philosophy
☞ Issue 238
IADL is gravely concerned...
THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC LAWYERS(IADL) IS GRAVELY CONCERNED THAT THE DECISION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL TO BAN THE UNITED PROGRESSIVE PARTY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA VIOLATES CORE PROTECTIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS
The International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL) is a non-governmental organization with consultative status with ECOSOC and other UN Agencies. IADL has thousands of members in affiliates throughout the world, including South Korea. IADL was founded in 1946 to promote the goals of the United Nations Charter, including the protection of human rights.
The Constitutional Council of South Korea (Council) has issued an opinion banning the United Progressive Party (UPP). This action is a matter of grave concern to IADL because it violates the core human rights principles of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of association, which are critical to a democratic society.
IADL has been informed that the provisions of the Venice Commission Guidelines on Political Party Regulations have not been followed in making this decision even though the Council made reference to these authoritative Guidelines. These Guidelines recognize “the rights to free association and free expression and opinion are fundamental to the proper functioning of a democratic society. Political parties, as a collective instrument for political expression, must be able to fully enjoy such rights. The right of political parties to free association should be accorded protection in a state’s constitution or by parliamentary act. This protection should include both a statement of the right as well as the obligation for its defense as a fundamental precursor to the proper functioning of democracy . . . Prohibition or dissolution of a political party is a more serious interference than deregistration . . . Thus, opportunity for a state to dissolve or prohibit a political party from forming should be exceptionally narrowly tailored and applied only in extreme cases.”
IADL has been informed that the major basis for the decision of the Constitutional Council is its opposition to positions of the UPP, including the UPP’s desire to promote peace on the Korean Peninsula, which has not been realized since the cease fire of 1953.
IADL supports the complaint made to the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Opinion which has been filed by our affiliate, Lawyers for A Democratic Society in South Korea. (MINBYUN)
IADL calls upon the appropriate Korean authorities to repudiate this decision and require judicial review and/or reconsideration of this decision.
Highlights of IADL Activities (1946–2002)
Founded October 24 in Paris by gathering of lawyers who had survived the war against fascism and participated in the Nuremberg Trials. Rene Cassin, a drafter of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, named first IADL President.
1947 to date
IADL supports the total ban of Nuclear arms
Annual IADL Congresses convene in Brussels '47, Prague'48, and Rome'49.
1950 to date
Challenges the global proliferation of nuclear weapons and supports peaceful resolution of international disputes
IADL condemns the tyrannical and repressive regime of the Shah of Iran
IADL begins its support of the African National Congress, starting with the Campaign of Resistance Against Unjust Laws.
Lawyers meetings convened in Rio de Janeiro ('52) and Guatemala City (53') culminating in the organization of the American Association of Jurists (AAJ) which becomes an affiliate member of IADL. First Pan Asian IADL Conference held in Calcutta.
IADL supports the African National Congress Freedom Charter
Supports the nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egypt.
IADL members throughout the world decry the Sharpeville massacre of unarmed demonstrators including children.
IADL Congress in Budapest calls for US withdrawal from Vietnam.
Calls for the freedom of Nelson Mandela and his co-defendants prosecuted for treason and sabotage in the Rivonia trial beginning his 27 years of imprisonment.
IADL Campaign and conferences in support of peace in Vietnam Grenoble '68; Algiers 71; Paris'75.
Supports the legality under international law of oil-producing countries rights to control their natural resources
1974 to date
IADL supports the liberation movements and the struggles of the peoples of South Africa, Angola, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Ireland, Puerto Rico and elsewhere on the globe.
10th IADL Congress in Algiers, first in Africa. Members resolve to support each nation's right to economic, social and cultural development under international law.
IADL members participate as legal observers in the prosecution of mercenaries in Luanda, Angola and draft the precursor to the UN Convention on Mercenarism.
Sponsors its first conference on Women's Rights in Cambridge, England
IADL meets in Paris, opposes Camp David Accords.
1980 to date
IADL begins its long standing campaign in support of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East recognizing the Palestinean people's rights to self-determination
International Conference on the New Economic Order, Mexico
Establishes the Permanent Commission of Lawyers on Palestine and Peace in the Middle East under the coordination of the Association of Palestinean Lawyers, Jamal Sourani, President. Meeting in New Delhi on Indian Ocean Zone of Peace
Organizes International Conference of Lawyers in the Caribbean Basin Zone of Peace, in Mexico in cooperation with the Centre for Economic and Social Studies of the Third World.
IADL supports Kurdish independence from Turkey. Sends legal observers to trials of advocates and journalists supporting the Liberation Movement.
12th Congress meets in Athens on the theme: Establishing a New World Order.
Organizes the International Lawyers Campaign to Free Nelson Mandela
Symposium on the Role of Lawyers in the Nuclear Age: The 40th Anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials.
Colloquium on the Militarization of Space and a Code of Behaviour for Nuclear Power States
First conference of lawyers in Asia and the Pacific region on Peace Development and Human Rights, New Delhi, India.
Organizes Legal Observer Missions to the first democratic elections in Namibia; files intervention on behalf of political victims of the National Islamic Front of Sudan, in protest of the abolition of a secular independent judiciary.
IADL files a petition challenging the international traffic in children for organ transplants and commercial sexual traffic before the U.N. Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery.
1992 to date
Organizes international condemnation of the economic boycott of Cuba as an illegal use of force in violation of the Charters of the U.N. and the OAU.
International Legal Observer Delegations organized to monitor South Africa's first non-racial election.
IADL delegation attends the UN Conference on Women's Rights in Beijing.
XIVth Congress held in Capetown, South Africa. Lawyers, jurists and law professors from five continents gather to observe IADL's 50th Anniversary under the patronage of Nelson Mandela
Fact-finding Mission to Okinawa organized by IADL affiliate JALISA finds U.S. bases to be nuclear attack bases after World War II and deployed during Korean, Vietnam and Gulf Wars in violation of legal and human rights of the people of Japan to live in peace.
IADL sponsors its first legal seminar in the United States on International Labor Right
IADL protests to UN Secretary General about U.S. threats of unilateral military force against Iraq.
IADL association of with its Japanese affiliate JALISA convene a World Conference Against Nuclear Weapons, Tokyo, Japan and Issue A Hiroshima Declaration for Nuclear Free 21st Century.
XV IADL Congress in Association with the XII Conference of America Association of Jurists (AAJ) meets in Havana, Cuba October 16-21 under the theme: Establishing a Just International Order
In Rome, Italy February 17-18 IADL and the Center of Research and Elaboration for Democracy (CRED) hold Preparatory Conference for the Second UN Conference Against Racism (WCAR) 31 August - 7 September Durban, South Africa., IADL sponsors Conference of Palestine and International Law, November, Paris France.
IADL in association with its UK affiliate The Haldane Society, convenes an International Conference on Antiterrorist Legislation: Making the World Not Safer But Less Free, May, London, England.
We Protest against Forcible Enactment of War Laws and Demand Their Abrogation
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